Minority serving institutions (MSIs) are an integral part of the U.S. higher education system. MSIs provide college access to millions of students of color, many of whom come from low-income backgrounds and are the first in their family to attend college. MSIs not only offer their students welcoming campus environments by enrolling large percentages of minority students, they also support their students through credential completion. Recent studies show that MSIs have higher completion rates than federal data suggest and contribute to upward mobility by propelling their lowest-income students into the upper-middle class at higher rates than non-MSIs. As the U.S. undergraduate population grows more diverse in the years ahead, the number of MSIs is likely to climb.
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 Espinosa, Lorelle L., Jonathan M. Turk, and Morgan Taylor. 2017. Pulling Back the Curtain: Enrollment and Outcomes at Minority Serving Institutions. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.
 Espinosa, Lorelle L., Robert Kelchen, and Morgan Taylor. 2018. Minority Serving Institutions as Engines of Upward Mobility. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.